Brazil is one of the worlds largest mining producers and exporters. As per the Brazilian Mining Institute, (IBRAM), in 2020 mining contributed 3.5% of Brazil’s gross domestic product. Iron ore is Brazil most significant export. In 2020, 384 million tons were exported to the value of $27.5 billion. The state of Minas Gerais is the largest producer of iron ore, followed by Para and Bahia. Brazil also produces niobium, a rare metal used in the production of high-strength alloys accounting for 90% of global production.
In 2020 Brazil mining jobs represented 182,000 employment opportunities, about 0,8% of the country’s total formal employment figures. The iron-ore sector is the largest employer in the industry, accounting for around 50% of total mining employment. Women represent only a small percentage of workers at around 13%. In an attempt to turn the tide on illegal mining, the government has deployed military personnel to the region. Fines are imposed on illegal miners and increased funds have been made available to environmental protection agencies, but the problem of illegal mining has continued. Due to the vastness of the area being mined and the lack of infrastructure in the form of roads and communication networks in the forest areas, it has been difficult to control illegal mining in remote areas.
Brazil mining recruitment has faced challenges in recent years as political instability, environmental and social concerns have resulted in difficulties recruiting and retaining skilled workers. Despite these challenges, Brazil continues to offer job opportunities to skilled professionals particularly in the fields of engineering, geology, and operations. There are also Brazilian mining job opportunities for individual without prior mining experience in the form of apprenticeships and training programs. As the industry tries to address the imbalance in terms of diversity in the mining workplace, there is a growing emphasis on diversity and inclusion in the workplace. This includes increasing the representation of women and underrepresented groups in leadership positions and promoting inclusive workplace cultures.
As companies invest in technology and adopt new automation techniques to improve efficiency and decrease the environmental impact of mining, Brazil mining recruitment trends will shift to focus more on environmental specialists and highly skilled tech specialists.